Cookies Law Guide for Businesses: What Are They & How to Comply

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As consumers become increasingly aware of their digital rights, there’s a growing need for businesses to understand cookies law, ensuring that personal data is handled appropriately.

This guide aims to shed light on what cookie laws are, why they’re pivotal in today’s digital age, and how businesses can ensure they are compliant.

Whether you’re new to the concept or seeking a clearer perspective, this comprehensive exploration will cover everything you need to know.

Let’s dig in.

Key Takeaways

As the digital realm continues to grow, countries worldwide are introducing and updating cookie laws and data protection regulations to safeguard consumer data and ensure businesses maintain transparency and obtain explicit consent.

Regardless of the specific region’s law, obtaining informed and explicit consent from consumers before collecting, storing, or processing their data, especially through cookies, is a universally emphasized principle.

With the rapidly evolving nature of data privacy regulations, businesses must regularly review and update their practices to ensure transparency in their cookie policies and consider specialized compliance services to navigate the complex landscape.

What is a Cookies Law?

What is a Cookies Law.png

What is a Cookies Law.png

At its core, a cookies law is a piece of legislation or regulation designed to protect the personal information of consumers as they navigate the web.

Cookies are small pieces of data stored on a consumer’s device when they visit a website and can provide insights into consumerpreferences, behaviors, and habits.

While cookies can help businesses enhance the consumer experience, they also hold significant personal information that may be sensitive.

Why do these laws matter? With the rapid digitization of industries and the surge in online activities, consumers are sharing more personal data than ever. This data can be leveraged for targeted advertising, personalizing content, or even sold to third parties.

As such, there’s a pressing need to strike a balance between business benefits and consumer privacy rights. Cookies laws play a pivotal role in establishing this balance by setting standards for how and when a business can collect, store, and use cookie data.

These laws often require businesses to obtain explicit consent from visitors before collecting their cookie data. This is typically achieved through a cookie banner that pops up on a website, informing visitors about the use of cookies and requesting their consent. 

What is the EU Cookie Law.png

What is the EU Cookie Law.png

The EU Cookie Law is a popular name for the ePrivacy Directive, a piece of legislation that was introduced by the European Union in 2002 and subsequently updated in 2009.

Its primary focus is the protection of privacy in the electronic communications sector, covering a wide array of digital mediums, from mobile networks to, of course, cookies.

Central to the ePrivacy Directive is the principle that all member states of the European Union should guarantee the confidentiality of their citizens’ communications and related traffic data.

The directive states that storing or accessing information on a consumer’s device, such as through cookies, is only permissible under two conditions: either the consumer has given their informed consent after being duly notified, or the cookies are strictly necessary.

One of the most visible outcomes of this directive is the widespread usage of cookie banners across websites.

These banners notify visitors of the use of cookies and often seek their explicit consent, particularly for non-essential or third-party cookies. The directive also implies that businesses need to have a clear cookies policy and privacy policy on their website.

The ePrivacy Directive, combined with the GDPR (General Data Protection Regulation), sets the gold standard for data privacy in Europe, promoting transparency, GDPR principles, and fostering trust between consumers and businesses.

This is a vital question for many US-based businesses, especially those with a significant international audience.

In essence, if a US website serves EU consumers or monitors their personal data, it falls under the purview of the EU Cookie Law and GDPR. It doesn’t matter where the business is based; what’s crucial is where its consumers are located.

As such, if a US website tracks the behavior, preferences, or any personal information of an EU citizen through cookies or other means, it must adhere to the cookie consent best practices prescribed by the ePrivacy Directive and GDPR.

Many US websites opt for a cookie consent solution to manage this. By adopting cookie consent best practices, they ensure they meet European standards when serving the EU.

Are There Cookie Laws in the US.png

Are There Cookie Laws in the US.png

In the United States, there isn’t a federal-level cookies law. However, data privacy and protection have become hot topics, prompting individual states to enact their own legislation addressing the matter. Here are the states and what their cookie laws entail:

California Privacy Rights Act (CPRA/CCPA)

The most prominent of these is the California cookies law, better known as the California Privacy Rights Act (CPRA), which is an improved version of the CCPA.

Effective as of 2023, the CPRA provides California residents with enhanced privacy rights and consumer protection. While not a cookie law per se, it encompasses the principles of data privacy that, by extension, involve cookies. 

Under the CPRA, businesses are required to offer transparency about the personal information they collect, its purpose, and any third parties they might share it with.

Moreover, consumers have the right to opt out of the sale of their personal data, making cookie consent an implied requirement for businesses operating within the state or catering to its residents.

Virginia Consumer Data Protection Act (VCDPA)

Another noteworthy legislation is the Virginia Consumer Data Protection Act (VCDPA). Like the CPRA, VCDPA is centered around data protection rather than cookies explicitly.

Effective in 2023, it grants consumers the right to access, rectify, delete, and opt out of data processing for targeted advertising. This underlines the importance of a cookie consent solution for businesses, ensuring they meet the cookie consent requirements of such laws.

Connecticut Data Privacy Act (CTDPA)

Connecticut, too, has thrown its hat into the ring with the Connecticut Data Privacy Act (CTDPA). While in its beginning stages, the act showcases the increasing state-level trend towards stricter data privacy laws that businesses must be aware of.

In essence, while the US doesn’t have a federal law specifically addressing cookies, the cascading effect of state-level data privacy legislation indirectly governs cookie usage.

Businesses operating in or serving these states must remain compliant with these laws and should consider outsourcing compliance to specialized compliance services to ensure they adhere to the evolving landscape of corporate compliance.

Is There a Cookie Law in the UK.png

Is There a Cookie Law in the UK.png

The United Kingdom has its set of regulations concerning cookies, a testament to the nation’s commitment to data privacy. Initially, as a member of the European Union, the UK followed the ePrivacy Directive. However, with Brexit formalized, the nation adopted its version while maintaining the core principles of the original European regulation.

The UK Cookie Law, as part of the Privacy and Electronic Communications Regulations (PECR), revolves around the same central tenets as its EU counterpart.

Businesses need explicit permission from consumers before setting most cookies, excluding strictly necessary cookies that are essential for a service requested by the consumer. 

Just as with the EU directive, the manifestation of this regulation for most internet consumers is the omnipresent cookie banner that appears when one visits a website.

These banners serve dual purposes: educating the consumer about the cookies the website employs and seeking their explicit consent for the usage of anything beyond strictly essential cookies.

One notable distinction post-Brexit is the Data Protection Act 2018, which complements the PECR in the UK.

This act reinforces the principles of data protection and ensures that businesses maintain a high standard of personal data processing, especially in the realm of digital platforms and electronic communication. Together with the PECR, the act shapes the UK’s robust framework around data privacy.

The global emphasis on digital privacy has not just been limited to regions like the US, EU, or UK.

Across the globe, nations are recognizing the critical importance of safeguarding personal data in the digital age.

Let’s delve into some of the pivotal ones:

Brazil – The Lei Geral de Proteção de Dados (LGDP)

Brazil’s answer to the global call for digital privacy is the Lei Geral de Proteção de Dados or LGDP. Implemented in August 2020, the LGDP is not strictly a cookie law but a comprehensive data protection regulation. 

However, its implications for cookies are clear: businesses must obtain explicit consent before processing personal data.

This means that if cookies are used to track or analyze consumer behavior or preferences, businesses need to be transparent about it and seek the consumer’s permission, drawing parallels with the GDPR’s approach.

Japan – The Act on the Protection of Personal Information (APPI)

Japan’s Act on the Protection of Personal Information (APPI), in place since 2003 and revised in 2017, focuses on safeguarding consumers’ personal data.

Although it doesn’t address cookies directly, its mandate on businesses to disclose the purpose of using any personal information means that businesses using cookies to collect data need to have clear consent mechanisms in place.

In essence, any use of cookies that involves personal data falls under the purview of APPI, requiring businesses to uphold principles of transparency and consent.

South Korea – The Personal Information Protection Act (PIPA)

South Korea’s Personal Information Protection Act (PIPA) is its flagship legislation on data privacy. Like other global data protection laws, PIPA isn’t specifically a cookie law. Its personal data collection and processing directives apply to cookies.

If a business uses cookies to gather any form of personal information from South Korean consumers, it must ensure that these consumers are aware and have explicitly consented to this collection.

Tips to Comply with Cookie Laws.png

Tips to Comply with Cookie Laws.png

Navigating all the cookie laws can seem daunting for businesses, especially those with a global audience. Yet, compliance is not just about legal adherence but also about fostering trust and transparency with your consumers. 

With penalties for non-compliance becoming increasingly stringent and consumers becoming more data-conscious, there’s a growing emphasis on getting it right.

Here are some structured steps and tips that websites can employ to ensure they align with global cookie law mandates.

Before taking any action, it’s paramount to identify which cookie laws apply to your business. If you have a global consumer base, you might be subject to multiple regulations. Dedicate time or resources to understanding the nuances of each applicable law, from the EU cookie law to the UK cookie law and beyond.

Create a Cookies Policy

A detailed cookies policy is essential. This policy should clearly explain the types of cookies your website uses, their purpose, lifespan, and any third-party access to the information. Ensure this policy is easily accessible, typically in the footer of your website.

The cookie banner is your direct line of communication with your visitors about cookie usage. It should pop up when a new consumer visits your site, providing them with brief information about cookies and asking for their consent. Remember, the banner should not just be a formality but provide your consumers with real, informed choices.

For non-essential cookies, like those used for advertising or analytics, always obtain explicit and informed consent. This means consumers should actively opt-in, for instance, by ticking a box. Passive acceptance, like continuing to use a site, doesn’t equate to consent.

Steer clear from pre-ticked boxes, vague descriptions, or making it difficult for consumers to decline non-essential cookies. It’s all about genuine consent, not just ticking off a compliance checklist.

The landscape of data privacy is evolving rapidly. What’s compliant today might not be tomorrow. Regularly review and update your consent practices, ensuring you remain in line with any changes in legislation.

Use a Compliance Service

Consider using specialized compliance services like Captain Compliance, which can streamline the process for you. We can help keep track of global regulations, assist in setting up banners, and ensure that your practices are up-to-date.


As the digital landscape continues to evolve, businesses face the ongoing challenge of ensuring their online practices align with ever-shifting cookie laws. While this guide provides a solid starting point, navigating and upholding compliance remains a challenging endeavor.

So, what’s the next step after acquiring all this knowledge? How do you put it into practice seamlessly and efficiently? That’s where we, at Captain Compliance, come in. We’re not just a service; we’re your partner in this journey.

Our expertise lies in simplifying the complex world of cookie laws, ensuring that businesses like yours can focus on what they do best, leaving the intricacies of data privacy regulations to us.

With our tailored solutions and hands-on approach, we aim to turn legal obligations into opportunities for fostering trust and transparency with consumers.

Embark on a smoother compliance journey. Let us be your guiding star in navigating the world of cookie laws. Connect with us today!


While a generic cookie banner might cover the basics, it’s not advisable. Different regions have specific regulations and requirements. A one-size-fits-all approach can leave gaps in compliance.

Discover how our services at Captain Compliance can tailor your cookie banner to different regional requirements.

What’s the difference between essential and non-essential cookies?

Essential cookies, often termed strictly necessary cookies, are required for the basic functionality of a website, like navigation or accessing secure areas. Non-essential cookies, on the other hand, cover areas like advertising, tracking, and analytics. Consent is typically required for the latter.

To understand more about different types of cookies, visit our comprehensive cookie breakdown page.

Absolutely! Tools like those provided by us at Captain Compliance help businesses streamline the process, ensuring that their practices are always up-to-date and compliant with global regulations.

Explore our range of tools and services designed to make your compliance journey smoother. Connect with us today!

Cookie laws ensure that businesses respect the data privacy of their consumers. In the digital age, consumers want transparency about how their personal information is used. Complying with these laws not only avoids legal penalties but also builds trust with your audience.

Check out our article on cookie consent design to ensure your customers have the best experience possible

Online Privacy Compliance Made Easy

Captain Compliance makes it easy to develop, oversee, and expand your privacy program. Book a demo with a compliance SuperHero or get started today.