General Data Protection Regulation Principles

Table of Contents

There are 7 principles of the General Data Protection Regulation (GDPR). Captain Compliance provides software, training, and consulting to help with compliance and adhereance to the GDPR should your organization need any help.

The General Data Protection Regulation (GDPR) outlines several key principles that govern the processing of personal data. These principles form the foundation of the regulation, ensuring that data is handled responsibly and transparently. Below is a list of all the GDPR principles along with definitions for each:

  1. Lawfulness, Fairness, and Transparency
    • Lawfulness: Personal data must be processed legally, with a valid legal basis under GDPR (e.g., consent, contract, legal obligation).
    • Fairness: Data processing must be fair and not misleading to the data subjects.
    • Transparency: Data subjects must be informed clearly about how their data will be processed, who will process it, and for what purposes.
  2. Purpose Limitation
    • Personal data must be collected for specified, explicit, and legitimate purposes and not further processed in a manner incompatible with those purposes.
    • Any further processing for archiving purposes in the public interest, scientific or historical research purposes, or statistical purposes is generally considered compatible with the initial purposes.
  3. Data Minimization
    • The collection of personal data must be adequate, relevant, and limited to what is necessary in relation to the purposes for which they are processed.
    • Organizations should not collect excessive data and should ensure that the data collected serves its intended purpose.
  4. Accuracy
    • Personal data must be accurate and, where necessary, kept up to date.
    • Organizations must take every reasonable step to ensure that inaccurate personal data is erased or rectified without delay.
  5. Storage Limitation
    • Personal data must be kept in a form that permits identification of data subjects for no longer than is necessary for the purposes for which the personal data is processed.
    • Exceptions are allowed for data processed solely for archiving purposes in the public interest, scientific or historical research purposes, or statistical purposes, subject to appropriate safeguards.
  6. Integrity and Confidentiality (Security)
    • Personal data must be processed in a manner that ensures appropriate security, including protection against unauthorized or unlawful processing, accidental loss, destruction, or damage.
    • Organizations must implement appropriate technical and organizational measures to ensure data security.
  7. Accountability
    • The data controller is responsible for, and must be able to demonstrate, compliance with all the other principles.
    • This principle emphasizes the importance of data governance and the need for organizations to take responsibility for their data processing activities and compliance with GDPR.

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