pipl data subject rights

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Have you ever wondered how to effectively navigate the world of data protection in China?

Get ready for a journey through the “PIPL checklist.” In this guide, we will demystify China’s Personal Information Protection Law (PIPL) for you, ensuring that you understand its rules.

Whether you are running a business within China or interacting with consumers from a distance, understanding PIPL is crucial. Come along as we explore its principles, identify its target audience, and outline the steps to ensure compliance.

Let’s dig in.

Key Takeaways

PIPL serves as China’s way of safeguarding data. Understanding its fundamentals is crucial whether you conduct business in China or engage with clients.

PIPL compliance extends beyond avoiding penalties; it revolves around establishing trust. By valuing and protecting data, you show your dedication to your consumers well being.

Feeling a bit overwhelmed? No need to worry; many others feel that way. Captain Compliance is here to help you navigate PIPL requirements and ensure compliance at all times.

What is the PIPL?

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What is the PIPL.jpg

China recently implemented a regulation called the Personal Information Protection Law, also known as PIPL.

This law went into effect on November 1, 2021, after being established on August 20, 2021. Its main purpose is to safeguard the information of citizens. Therefore, any business that possesses data on individuals from China must comply with this regulation.

While the PIPL shares similarities with regulations implemented in other countries, PIPL is different from GDPR in several aspects.

However, it is crucial for businesses to carefully review their practices and ensure they are in line with China’s regulations. In addition to the PIPL, China has also enacted laws such as the Cybersecurity Law (CSL) and Data Security Law (DSL). Together, these laws create a framework aimed at protecting the information of individuals.

The PIPL provides explanations of terms and outlines data privacy guidelines for businesses on how they should handle personal information.

It also emphasizes data localization by specifying where this information should be stored and establishes rules regarding cross border data transfers.

Non-compliance with these regulations can result in fines for businesses that are not following them properly. In this article, we will delve deeper into these aspects to help businesses understand and correctly implement these requirements.

Key Principles of PIPL

China has implemented the Personal Information Protection Law (PIPL) to safeguard individuals’ personal information. This law serves as a guideline for businesses to understand and adhere to data protection practices when handling information. Now let’s explore the principles underlying this regulation:

Lawfulness, Fairness, and Good Faith: Businesses must handle information in a transparent manner. They should only gather data for purposes they need. They must communicate this clearly to their consumers.

Purpose Limitation and Data Minimization: Businesses should only collect the information they require. It is unnecessary for them to gather data solely because they have the capability to do so.

Openness and Transparency: It is important for businesses to have transparency regarding their data collection practices. They should communicate in straightforward language the purpose and intentions behind collecting information from individuals.

Accuracy and Completeness: Businesses must ensure the accuracy of the information they collect. If any errors are found, it is important for them to promptly update or make necessary changes to guarantee its correctness.

Security and Accountability: It’s crucial to prioritize the security of information. Businesses must take measures to safeguard it from being misplaced or unlawfully obtained. In case of any mishaps, it is important for them to communicate with those individuals who may be impacted.

Limited Data Retention: Businesses should not retain information indefinitely. Once they have utilized it for its intended purpose, it is advisable to delete it in order to ensure its security.

Who Does the PIPL Apply to?

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Who Does the PIPL Apply to.jpg

PIPL holds importance for businesses and not just those operating within China. Even if a business is located elsewhere, if they possess information about individuals residing in China, it is required for them to adhere to this law.

To simplify the concept further, picture an online store based in Europe. If this store sells products to consumers in China and collects their personal details, they must comply with the regulations outlined by PIPL. The store’s physical location becomes irrelevant; what matters is the residence of the individuals whose information they possess.

Considering these circumstances, businesses worldwide must exercise caution. It is crucial for them to familiarize themselves with PIPL and ensure that they are abiding by all its requirements. Failure to do so can result in consequences such as substantial financial penalties. Ultimately, it revolves around safeguarding the information of individuals from China.

PIPL Compliance Checklist

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PIPL Compliance Checklist.jpg

Navigating the Personal Information Protection Law (PIPL) can be a little challenging for businesses, but having a compliance plan can help. Having a defined PIPL checklist can greatly simplify what you need to do.

This comprehensive checklist serves as a step-by-step guide ensuring that businesses are following the right path:

Identify if PIPL applies to you

Businesses should first verify if they are handling any information from Chinese residents.

This involves tasks such as gathering, storing, and utilizing data. Even if a business is operating outside of China but deals with data from individuals in China, it must follow the Personal Information Protection Law (PIPL).

Ensure a lawful basis for processing

Whenever a business deals with information, there must be a valid justification. This could be because the individual has explicitly given consent or because it is necessary for an agreement.

The Personal Information Protection Law (PIPL) outlines justifications that businesses can rely on to utilize data.

Getting Permission: The person said the business can use their data.

Job Contracts: The data is needed for a work agreement.

Legal Duty: The business has to use the data because of a law.

Emergencies: The data is needed to help in a health crisis or to keep someone safe.

Public Interest: The data is used for news or other things that help the public.

Already Public Data: The data is already out there for everyone to see, so the business can use it.

When businesses collect data, it is important for them to obtain permission from the individuals involved.

This involves ensuring that individuals are fully informed about how their data will be utilized and obtaining their consent accordingly. If a business intends to utilize the collected data for a purpose, it must seek permission again.

Create a clear privacy policy

It is essential for every business to have a comprehensible policy that outlines the way they handle information.

This policy should include contact details of the person for managing the data reasons for data usage, duration of data retention, and other pertinent information. In case of any modifications to the policy, it is important to inform individuals.

Here’s what a clear privacy policy should have:

Who’s in Charge: There should be the name and contact details of the person or team looking after the data.

Reason for Data: The business should explain why they need personal details.

Data Retention: They should tell how long they plan to keep the data.

Sharing the Data: If they share the data with others, they should say who and why.

People’s Rights: The policy should tell people what they can do if they want to see their data or change it.

Safety Measures: It should explain how the business keeps the data safe.

Updates: If the rules change, the business should update the policy and tell everyone about it.

Manage third-party compliance

If a business decides to share data with another business, third-party risk management

becomes crucial to ensure that the receiving business also adheres to the PIPL.

This entails establishing an agreement and verifying that the other party is diligently following all the protocols.

Ensure fair treatment

When it comes to using data, it is crucial for businesses to act with fairness. They should avoid any actions that could result in treatment or decisions that may cause harm to individuals.

PIPIA (if sensitive data is processed)

If a business is dealing with information, such as health or financial records, they must conduct an assessment. This assessment is known as an information protection impact evaluation (PIPIA). It assists businesses in determining if they are taking all measures to safeguard data.

When a business wishes to obtain data from children below 14 years old, they cannot simply acquire it without consent.

It is crucial for them to seek permission from the child’s parent or guardian who takes care of them. This step holds significance as children may not fully comprehend the implications of giving away their information.

The PIPL (Personal Information Protection Law) in China enforces regulations in this regard. Therefore if a business is dealing with information on children under 14, they must establish guidelines. These guidelines should be transparent about how the child data is used and easily understandable for parents and guardians.

Appoint a DPO & Chinese representative

If a business operates outside of China but collects data from individuals, it must also appoint a representative in China. They assist the business in understanding and adhering to China’s data regulations.

Therefore if your business serves consumers from outside of China, it is essential to have both a DPO and a Chinese representative. This ensures the protection of everyone’s data regardless of their location.

Ensure adequate operation security

When businesses deal with information, it is crucial to ensure its security. One way to achieve this is through a process known as “encryption,” where data is transformed into a coded message. By doing even if someone attempts to read the data, they will be unable to comprehend it.

Furthermore, businesses should take measures to restrict access to the data to authorized personnel, such as approved employees.

The primary objective here is to prevent any individuals from gaining entry and tampering with or misusing the data without proper authorization.

Cross-border transfer requirements

When a business intends to transfer information from China, there are regulations that must be adhered to.

Initially, they must inform the individual whose data is being transferred about the destination and purpose of the transfer. Additionally, obtaining separate consent from that individual independently separate from any permissions previously granted is also necessary.

But there’s more. Besides these basic steps, the business also has to meet one of these conditions:

Pass a security assessment if processing large scales of information or sensitive information.

Get a special certification for personal information protection if processing a small to medium scale of information.

Sign a contract that follows a standard set by the Chinese government.

The primary objective is to ensure that the destination where the data is being transferred provides a level of protection as it would receive within China. Additionally, if a business is considering sharing data with legal entities or courts, it must obtain approval from the appropriate Chinese authorities before proceeding.

For a more detailed understanding of China’s cross-border data transfer regulations, you can refer to this comprehensive guide.

Create a data breach response plan

Unfortunate events may occur where data is either lost or stolen. In these cases, businesses must be prepared with a defined response plan for dealing with data breaches. This plan serves as a guide to help businesses understand the actions and how to effectively communicate the issue to those affected.

In the event of a breach, businesses should promptly inform both authorities and individuals whose data has been compromised, providing them with explanations:

What kind of data was involved?

Why the breach happened.

What they’re doing to fix it.

How people can protect themselves.

Businesses must ensure that they maintain a record of incidents, the actions taken in response, and any pertinent details. This practice enables them to learn from breaches and effectively prevent their recurrence in the future.

PIPL Fines for Non-Compliance

If a business fails to adhere to the regulations of the Personal Information Protection Law (PIPL), it could encounter issues, including hefty PIPL fines. One of the challenges they may face is being subjected to penalties. The PIPL has established consequences for those who fail to safeguard personal information.

Businesses could be fined up to CNY 50 million ($7 million), or alternatively, they may be required to pay 5% of their yearly earnings. That’s a big amount! However, it’s not about the aspect. Non-compliance with these rules could also harm a business’s reputation as people might lose trust in them.

Moreover, they could face actions from the government. Hence, it is crucial for businesses to thoroughly comprehend and comply with the PIPL guidelines in order to avoid these fines and maintain their consumers’ trust.


Understanding and ensuring corporate compliance with PIPL regulations can sometimes feel challenging. But don’t worry, if you want to outsource compliance, Captain Compliance is here to help! We offer compliance solutions with the tools and expertise to guide you every step of the way.

Whether you need assistance in understanding the basics, ensuring your readiness for inspections, or seeking compliance services, we’ve got you covered.

If you are feeling stressed or just want some reassurance that you are on the path, feel free to contact Captain Compliance. We have expertise in this area and can make things easier for you. Remember, it is always wise to be careful. Get in touch with us today. Take steps to ensure your business complies with PIPL regulations.


What is PIPL, and why is it significant for businesses?

China has recently implemented a law known as the Personal Information Protection Law (PIPL), which focuses on safeguarding the privacy and security of data. This legislation plays a role for businesses as it outlines instructions on how to handle, store, and transmit information related to its citizens.

Want to navigate PIPL smoothly? Check out our comprehensive guide!

How does PIPL impact businesses outside of China?

Even if a business operates outside of China, it must still adhere to the Personal Information Protection Law (PIPL) if it collects or manages data from Chinese individuals.

This means that international businesses that interact with consumers or consumers are also obligated to abide by the regulations outlined in PIPL.

Operating internationally and concerned about PIPL? Captain Compliance can help you ensure global compliance. Reach out now!

What are the penalties for not complying with PIPL?

Failure to adhere to the Personal Information Protection Law (PIPL) can result in penalties. Businesses may face fines of up to CNY 50 million or 5% of their revenue. Moreover, compliance can also have effects on their reputation. Erode consumer trust.

Want to learn more about PIPL fines? Read our guide here!

How does PIPL handle children’s data?

PIPL has regulations in place to safeguard children who are below the age of 14. Businesses are prohibited from collecting their information unless they obtain consent from their parents or legal guardians. This precautionary measure ensures that the personal data of children is handled responsibly and attentively.

Dealing with children’s data and want to ensure you’re on the right track? Captain Compliance has the expertise you need.

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